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What is Sexual Abuse?

Sexual abuse is the direct or indirect involvement in sexual activity without Consent. This could also be the inability to consent, pressure or induced to consent or take part. Sexual abuse includes rape, indecent assault, indecent exposure, sexual harassment, inappropriate looking or touching, sexual teasing or innuendo, sexual photography, subjection to pornography or witnessing sexual acts to which the adult has not consented or was pressured into consenting.

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Referring Cases of Concern (Sexual Abuse)

Where a member of staff or carer is concerned that an Adult at Risk is involved in, or at risk of, sexual exploitation, they should contact their Safeguarding Adult Lead, as outlined in Stage One - Raising a concern/Duty to Enquire Procedure. The allocated social worker should also be informed, if there is one.

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What is Discriminatory Abuse?

This type of Abuse is motivated by discriminatory and oppressive attitudes towards people on the grounds of disability, gender and gender identity and reassignment, age, race, religion or belief, sexual orientation, and political beliefs.

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What are the different types of abuse?

Abuse can take many forms, including:

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How do I report harm or a concern?

Abuse can happen to anyone, but some adults are more "at risk" of abuse or neglect because they are more vulnerable.

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What is Modern Slavery / Human Trafficking?

Modern Slavery encompasses slavery, human trafficking, forced labour and domestic servitude. Traffickers and slave masters use whatever means they have to coerce, deceive and force individuals into a life of abuse, servitude and inhumane treatment.

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What is Emotional Abuse?

Emotional abuse (also called Psychological Abuse) is behaviour that has a harmful effect on the adult’s emotional health, well-being and development. It is the denial of a person’s human and civil rights including choice and opinion, privacy and dignity and being able to follow one’s own spiritual and cultural beliefs or sexual orientation.

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What is Mate Crime?

Mate Crime is a form of hate crime and is defined as the exploitation, abuse or theft from any person at risk from those they consider to be their friends. Those that commit such abuse or theft are often referred to as 'fake friends'. People with disabilities, particularly those with learning disabilities, are often the targets of this type of crime.

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What is Stalking?

It is hard to give an exact definition of stalking because stalkers will often use multiple and differing methods to harass their victims. Stalking can consist of any type of behaviour such as regularly sending flowers or gifts, making unwanted or malicious communication, damaging property and physical or sexual assault. If the behaviour is persistent and clearly unwanted, causing you fear, distress or anxiety then it is stalking and you should not have to live with it.

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What is Hate Crime?

Hate crimes are any crimes (actual criminal offences) that are targeted at a person because of hostility or prejudice towards that person's:

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What is Domestic Violence?

With effect from March 2013, the official Government definition of domestic violence and abuse is:

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Concerns as a worker/volunteer

People’s wellbeing is at the heart of the care and support system under the Care Act 2014, and the prevention of abuse and neglect is one of the elements identified as going to make up a person’s wellbeing.

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Preserving Evidence

Where it is suspected that a crime has been committed, the police should be contacted immediately and physical, forensic and other evidence should be preserved, see Achieving Best Evidence: Witness Support and Special Measures.

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Gathering Information from the person raising the concern

In accordance with National Reporting Requirements, the information Supplied should be gathered and shared as a minimum - See safeguarding Concern Form SACF1 below.

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